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ժҪڱֲ԰о˺ľ޽ľ롢޽ʱȣԼ޽ɻʼߡؾ
ؾӰ졣
ؼʣࣻ޽ӣɻʣ
Grafting Experiment with Begonia evansiana
"WANG Jun-tao, CHA Zhen-daoBAI Fang'fangSHI Li (Baoji Botanical Garden , BaojiShaanxi 721008)
Abstract Grafting experiment with Begonia evansiana was conducted, with respect to root stock selection, scion and grafting time, and their impact on the survival, height of plants, DBH and ground stem.
Key wordsBegonia evansiana grafting survival rate growth
ľҹͳֲҪ Ǿޱƻľ2009걦н Ϊл󣬱ֲ԰չ˺ľ ֡оƹ㡣ƻľ ľ30Ʒֲ֣1000꣬Բֵɽ ӣMalus baccata )ëҶľϣChaenomeles specioco var. tmYsom'z)ʵΪվľм޽ 飬ȡ˽ϺõЧֽйܽ ¡
1뷽
l.iľ
վľ:ƻɽ(2ƽ1. 2 mؾ1.5 cm);ľëҶľ(2ƽ 1.1 mؾ 1.1 cm);оΪ 25 cmX40 cm
:ƻ4Ʒ(ذۺġ ذ촹˿ġϺġ׻˿ģŷ޺ 1Ʒ֣˹ģԱֲ԰ľ 2Ʒ(챦ʯġһźģɽ ݣ7֡Ա԰ӡ
1.2޽ʱ뷽
^޽Ӻʹ޽ӣ^޽ʱΪ 201082628գ޽ʱΪ2011 314ա
^޽ӷΪľѿӣǶѿӣѿ ȫԷֹˮ紵ʧˮ ٽ;޽ҲΪľѿӣ2 ɼɳأ_ʱѿͷ¶漴ڽӿ 0. 5 cmʯռ
1.3޽Ӻ
^޽Ӻڴ3³󡢼裬 ȥľ²IJ֦ʱˮ ݡβ档ڶľ׳Ұһ оඨֲ˼޽ӵʢӦ ֹۺΪ
2
2.1ƻͬƷֵļ޽ӳɻʼ޽
ƻ5ֺӳɻʣذ괹˿ ϺĽϵֱͣΪ71%75%3 Ʒֽϸߣ90%ϡ޽ƽ߽ 94217 cm֮䣬ذ괹˿󣬺Ϻ СɴС˳Ϊذ괹˿>ذۺ
>׻˿>˹>Ϻģƽ 0, 400. 81 cm֮䣨Ϻδⶨ ڣذۺ󣬰׻˿С ذ괹˿ĸڿ˹ģƽؾ1. 272. 00 cm֮䣬ɴС˳Ϊذ괹˿> ذۺ>˹>׻˿>
(1)
ζֱкϺġ˹ ġذۺģ׻˿ģذ괹˿Ķ ֱ֦ԲҪΪΡϺļ ӳɻʵͣڸմӺ 2 800 mɽݵӦԲ¡

 

1ͬƷֺļ޽Ч
Ʒ վľ ޽ ɻ ɻ /|   ؾ/cm ؾ/cm
/ / /% ƽ ƽ ƽ
ذۺ ɽ 366 331 90. 4 305 214 1. 12 0.81 2. 17 1. 94 ʢ
ذ괹˿ ɽ 45 32 71 326 2X7 1.00 0. 70 2. 10 2.00 ʢ
׻˿ ɽ 46 43 93.4 202 169 0. 76 0.40 1. 90 1.45
Ϻ ɽ 16 12 75 119 94 - 1.47 1. 27
˹ ɽ 50 49 98 195 157 0. 69 0. 43 2. 30 1.86 һ
 
 

 

2.2ƻͬ޽Ӽڳɻʼ޽ ״
ذۺġ˹Ĵľѿӳɻ ^;޽ߡؾؾ
棬^޽ڴ޽磨2) ԭ^޽Ӻ󣬾һ߱ ѿѾϣѸȷ

 

2ͬڣ.^޽ӳɻʼ޽״
Ʒ ľ ޽ʱ ޽/ ɻ/ ɻ/% {/cm ؾ/cm ؾ/cm
ذۺ ɽ 55 43 8. 2 280 0. 91 1.85
    366 331 90. 4 305 1. 12 2. 17
˹ ɽ 50 39 78 169 0. 69 2. 30
    50 49 98 195 0. 71 2. 30
 
 

 

2.3ľͬƷֵļ޽ӳɻʼ޽
ӱ3ëҶľΪľе ľĵļ޽ӣɻʶϸߡ“һ” ɻ72. 5%“챦ʯ”ɻ78.5% ϣ߶ʢߡؾ֦ϣ “һ”“챦ʯ”Żϣ“챦 ʯ”“һ”˵“һ”ƫӪ “챦ʯ”ƫֳ챦ʯ䷱ܣ Ըǿ

 

3ëҶľϼ޽ľϺɻʼ
Ʒ ʯռľ ޽ ɻ ɻ {/cm ؾ/cm ؾ/cm ֦/ Ż
/ / /% ƽ ƽ ƽ /
“һ” ëҶľ 40 29 72. 5 192 130 0. 75 1.38 1. 14 ʢ 33 13 6
“챦ʯ” ëҶľ 28 22 78. 5 180 124 0. 48 1.14 0. 79 ʢ 15 11 9
 
 

ע2010826ռ޽ӣ20111120յɻ
 

 

 

3
ƻƷɽ^ ľѿӶ׳ɻ׳ӳɻʱȽϿ ^ľʼ޽ӳɻʴ91.2%Աȴľ ѿ78%;ľѿΪһֲ ֶΣֲܹ^ľѿδɻľ ڶijʣһЧIJֶΡ
ľľϺĶΪСľȡ^ľ ѿӷֳЧֳϵƷ ׳ȷ֦ɻܸժĵ
ֶΣһܴﵽӦõЧ
ľͨľѿ ã׳ɻʽϸߣһЧ ֶΣֵƹ㣬ԽϿ췱ƹ㱦 л
ο
[1]      .԰ľѧ[M].йҵ磬2003.
[2]      .Ҷѧ[M].ũҵ磬1988.
[3]      .ǶѿֹеӦ[J].ҵ Ƽ1993(1):18-20.
ӣhttp://www.lysdmp.com/redianxinwen/150.html

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